Social Justice Index

"Social Justice in the EU - A Cross-national Comparison"

The idea

The Social Justice Index is designed to measure on a regular basis the progress made and the ground lost on issues of social justice in each EU member state. Since social justice is a central constitutive element of the legitimacy and stability of any political community, we look at the current state of affairs within the individual member states.

As a cross-national survey, the Social Justice Index comprises 27 quantitative and eight qualitative indicators, each associated with one of the six dimensions of social justice: 1) poverty prevention, 2) equitable education, 3) labor market access, 4) social cohesion and non-discrimination, 5) health, and 6) intergenerational justice.

The dimension of poverty is weighted most strongly, given triple weight in the overall ranking. The importance of access to education and labor market is emphasized by doubly weighting these dimensions. Social cohesion, health and intergenerational justice are factored into the index with a simple/normal weight. For the purposes of comparison, in addition to the weighted Social Justice Index, a non-weighted ranking was created in which the six dimensions were treated equally.

The Social Justice Index is based on quantitative and qualitative data collected by the Bertelsmann Stiftung within the framework of its SGI project (

The data for the quantitative SGI indicators used in the Social Justice Index are derived primarily from Eurostat and the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC).

The qualitative indicators reflect the evaluations provided by more than 100 experts responding to the SGI’s survey of the state of affairs in various policy areas throughout the OECD and EU. For these indicators, the rating scale ranges from 1 (worst) to 10 (best). In order to ensure compatibility between the quantitative and qualitative indicators, all raw values for the quantitative indicators undergo linear transformation to give them a range of 1 to 10 as well.

Together with the ranking of the resulting reform values, the index values form the Social Inclusion Monitor dataset.

DownloadSocial Justice in the EU – Index Report 2016

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Social Justice in the EU – Index Report 2016

Download Social Justice Index

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Social Justice in the EU – A Cross-national Comparison
Daniel Schraad-Tischler

Daniel Schraad-Tischler

+49 5241 81-81240
Christof Schiller

Christof Schiller

+49 5241 81-81470
Christian Kroll

Christian Kroll

+49 5241 81-81471